Mark Twain, American Nihilist. Some of the negative and despairing ideas behind the visible humour.
The original Frankenstein – not at all like the later films and retellings.
Bulstrode’s Progress – the complexities of English hypocracy, illustrated by a character from the novel Middlemarch.
Minterism: an English Vanity. One of the worst features of the society, displayed by a character in The New Machiavelli, one of H. G. Wells’s mainstream novels.
Eyes and Illusions in Tolkien and Le Guin. Including an analysis of how the “back-story” changes a lot in the various novels and short stories of her Hainish Cycle.
Orwell Looking Down on British Workers. How he creates a false impression by leaving out things he’d seen when writing The Road to Wigan Pier. And was a fairly average colonial racist in Shooting an Elephant.